what government did the spartans have

Ancient Sparta is one of the most well-known cities in Classical Greece. While many are familiar with the Spartans' military prowess, most are unaware that the Spartans had a highly democratic form of government in which all full citizens -- called "homoioi" -- were expected to participate. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. They were the supreme commanders of the army. The Spartan political mindset was war. Both Kings had jointly decided. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. 1 Questions & Answers Place. They were subject to Sparta's laws and could be punished by Sparta's elected government. However, Sparta did not have a coinage (until King Areus, 309-265 BCE minted silver tetradrachms, only four of which have survived). This gave them considerably more political clout than most ancient women, but it did not afford them the right to vote or actively participate in the democratic process. Follow Us. In the quoted passage on the government of Sparta, Aristotle disapproves of government run by poor people. In essence, this was the constitution of Sparta, the political document that outlined the powers and structures of government. Boys were separated from their mothers at age 7 to begin rigorous military training and continued to live in military barracks until age 30. A Sybarite, who ate at a public mess, once remarked: "Now I know why the Spartans do not fear death." The Spartans took the rich land of their neighbors and made them helots, forced laborers. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. Other Greek city states had an almost all militia army. Homoioi were expected to continue serving in the Spartan military reserves until age 60. Unlike many ancient monarchs, the kings of Sparta did not wield absolute power. Groups living in Sparta who were not allowed the rights of citizens include the helots -- slaves who performed agricultural labor -- and the perioeci -- free non-citizens who were generally employed in skilled labor and merchant trade. Oligarchyies in each city-state with Spartan governors and magistrates to rule. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. N.S. He replied "Good, then we shall have our battle in the shade." When he isn't writing business spotlights for local community papers, he writes and has owned and operated a small business. Although they did not have many rights, women in Sparta have more rights than other Greek women have. The people the Spartans caught after a raid were turned into slaves. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. Sparta, ancient capital of the Laconia district of the southeastern Peloponnese, southwestern Greece. Despite this, the Spartan system of government did share some similarities with the democratic governments of the other city­states. All citizens in ancient Greece were warriors. The state demanded total obedience from the citizen whose service to the state came before… Noncitizens could not participate in the government. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. Sparta traditionally was ruled by two kings, kingship being hereditary in two different families, the Agids and the Europontids. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. The political system of ancient Sparta was a very unique and different oligarchy as compared to other civilization's. This type of government is called an oligarchy. The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was lookin… Their primarily tasks involved advice, training younger Spartans and serving as a sort of court system to decide matters of Spartan law. The Spartans did have a sea port but due to the distance and rough weather from the Mediterranean, the Spartan's naval abilities suffered. The council of elders or "gerousia" was comprised of elected Spartans 60 years or older who were appointed for life. This is striking for two reasons: that he would think the rich were not susceptible to bribes, and that he approves of government by the elite, something people in modern democracies tend to disapprove. History: 8 Reasons It Wasn't Easy Being Spartan, HSC Online: Spartan Society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. They thought of themselves as Greeks. 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